Health Library

Browse our Health Library to learn about treatments, conditions, and how Cedars-Sinai can support your healthcare needs.

Showing 1 - 30 of 30 results.
Ear Barotrauma

Pressure differences between the inside of the ear and the outside of the ear can cause ear barotrauma or ear damage. It can cause pain and sometimes permanent hearing loss. It can be caused by scuba diving, air travel, or exposure to an...

Early-Onset Alzheimer Disease

Alzheimer disease most commonly affects older adults, but it can also affect people in their 30s or 40s. When Alzheimer disease occurs in someone under age 65, it is known as early-onset (or younger-onset) Alzheimer disease.

Ectopic Pregnancy

A pregnancy that develops outside the uterus is called ectopic pregnancy. This nearly always happens in a fallopian tube. So it’s often called tubal pregnancy. Rarely, an ectopic pregnancy will happen in an ovary, in the cervix, or the ...

Ectropion

Ectropion is a sagging or outward turning of an eyelid. It usually affects a lower eyelid. Ectropion often affects both lower eyelids. Sometimes it only affects one side.

Efferent Loop Syndrome

Efferent loop syndrome is one of two "loop syndromes" that can happen after some types of gastric surgery. In a loop syndrome, a portion or "limb" of the small intestine becomes blocked.

Ehrlichiosis

Ehrlichiosis is an illness caused by bacteria that’s spread by ticks. The bacteria are in the Ehrlichia group of bacteria. The illness causes fever, muscle aches, and other symptoms. It’s an uncommon illness that can affect people of all...

Eisenmenger Syndrome in Children

Eisenmenger syndrome is an advanced form of pulmonary artery hypertension. In this condition, the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs narrow. This makes the pressure of blood flow against the walls of the arteries ...

Electromyography

Electromyography measures the electrical impulses of the muscles at rest and when contracted. Electromyography is usually done with nerve conduction studies. Nerve conduction studies measure how well individual nerves transmit electrical...

Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy in Children

EDMD is a rare inherited muscle disease. It causes weakness in your child’s shoulders, upper arms, and calves. The disease also causes stiff joints that can’t move well.

Empty Sella Syndrome

Empty sella syndrome (ESS) may occur if you have an enlarged sella turcica. This is a bony structure where the pituitary gland sits at the base of the brain.

Encephalitis

Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. The inflammation causes the brain to swell, which leads to changes in neurological function, resulting in mental confusion and seizures.

Encephalitis in Children

Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain. The inflammation causes the brain to swell. This leads to changes in a child's nervous system that can include confusion, changes in alertness, and seizures.

Enchondroma

An enchondroma is a type of noncancerous bone tumor that begins in cartilage. An enchondroma most often affects the cartilage that lines the inside of the bones. It often affects the tiny long bones of the hands and feet. It may also ...

Encopresis

Encopresis is when your child leaks stool into his or her underwear. It is also called stool soiling. It is most often because of long-term (chronic) constipation. Encopresis happens to children ages 4 and older who have already been ...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is diagnosed when endometrial cells—tissue that lines the uterus—are found outside of the womb. In addition to causing pain, endometriosis is a main cause of infertility in women. For some women, surgery can improve the ...

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli

One Escherichia coli (E. coli) strain that causes a severe intestinal infection in humans is known as enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC). It’s the most common strain to cause illness in people. It’s different from other E. coli because it ...

Enteroviruses in Children

There are many types of enteroviruses. The viruses mostly cause illness in babies, children, and teens. This is because most adults have already had enteroviruses and have built up immunity.

Ependymoma

Ependymoma is a rare type of tumor of the brain or spinal cord. It can happen in both children and adults. In children, these tumors tend to be in the brain. In adults, they are often in the spinal cord.

Epididymitis in Children

Epididymitis is an inflammation or infection of the epididymis. The epididymis is a thin, coiled tube that sits on top of a male testicle. In younger boys, it can be caused by a urinary tract infection. In older boys and teens, it's ...

Epidural Abscess

An epidural abscess is an infection that forms in the space between your skull bones and your brain lining (intracranial epidural abscess).

Epiglottitis in Children

The epiglottis is a flap of cartilage at the base of the tongue at the very back of the throat. When the epiglottis becomes swollen and inflamed, it is called epiglottitis.

Epilepsy and Seizures

Epilepsy is a brain condition that causes a person to have seizures. It is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system.

Epilepsy and Seizures in Children

Epilepsy is a brain condition that causes a child to have seizures. It is one of the most common disorders of the nervous system.

Epilepsy During Pregnancy

Epilepsy is a disorder of the nervous system. It is also called a seizure disorder. Normally the body's nerves send information by electrical and chemical signals. People with epilepsy have abnormal electrical signals in the brain. This ...

Essential Tremor (ET)

Essential tremor (ET) is a neurological disorder that causes your hands, head, trunk, voice, and/or legs to shake rhythmically. It is often confused with Parkinson disease. It is most common in people older than 65.

Ewing Sarcoma in Children

Ewing sarcoma is a rare type of cancer. It’s most common in children and teens between the ages 10 and 19. It usually grows in bone, but it can also grow in soft tissue that’s connected to the bone. This may include tendons, ligaments, ...

Exstrophy of the Bladder and Epispadias in Children

Exstrophy of the bladder is when a baby’s bladder has grown inside out and is sticking through the wall of the belly (abdomen). Epispadias is a problem often seen with exstrophy of the bladder.

Eye Twitching

An eye twitch is an involuntary, abnormal blinking of your eyelid. This abnormal blinking may happen many times per day. If eye twitching is severe, it can impair vision.

Eyelid Lacerations in Children

Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid. They are caused by trauma.

Showing 1 - 30 of 30 results.
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