Herpangina in Children

What is herpangina in children?

Herpangina is a very common illness in children. It causes small blister-like bumps or sores (ulcers) in the mouth. They are usually in the back of the throat or the roof of the mouth.

Herpangina is usually seen in children between the ages of 3 and 10. It is seen most often in the summer and fall.

How to say it

her-pan-JEE-nuh

What causes herpangina in a child?

Herpangina is caused by a virus. The most common viruses that cause it are:

  • Coxsackie viruses A and B
  • Enterovirus 71
  • Echovirus

What are the symptoms of herpangina in a child?

Each child may feel symptoms a bit differently. But below are the most common symptoms of herpangina:

  • Blister-like bumps in the mouth, usually in the back of the throat and on the roof of the mouth
  • Headache
  • Sudden fever
  • High fever, sometimes up to 106°F (41°C)
  • Pain in the mouth or throat
  • Drooling
  • Decrease in appetite

How is herpangina diagnosed in a child?

Your child’s healthcare provider can diagnose herpangina with a complete health history and physical exam of your child. The sores look different from other sores and usually easy to identify.

How is herpangina treated in a child?

Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.

The goal of treatment is to help ease symptoms. Since herpangina is a viral infection, antibiotics won’t work. Treatment may include:

  • Drinking more fluids
  • Taking acetaminophen for any fever
  • Taking oral pain relievers, such as lozenges
  • Eating a bland diet, such as cold milk and ice cream. Your child should stay away from acidic and spicy foods.

Most children with the illness feel better in about a week. It's important that your child drinks enough fluids to prevent getting dehydrated.

How can I help prevent herpangina in my child?

Proper handwashing can help prevent the illness from being spread to other children.

Key points about herpangina in children

  • Herpangina is a very common illness in children.
  • It causes small blister-like bumps or sores (ulcers) in the mouth.
  • It is caused by a virus. The most common ones are coxsackie viruses A and B.
  • Treatment may include fluids and medicine for fever and pain.
  • Proper handwashing can prevent the spread of herpangina.
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