Browse our Health Library to learn about treatments, conditions, and how Cedars-Sinai can support your healthcare needs.
Tongue-tie (ankyloglossia) is a problem with the tongue that is present from birth. It causes speech and eating problems in some children.
A branchial cleft abnormality is a cluster of abnormally formed tissue in the neck. A branchial cleft abnormality is a birth defect. It happens when the area does not form as it should during the early stages of an embryo’s development.
Congenital laryngeal stridor is a noisy or high-pitched sound with breathing. It is from an abnormally formed voice box (larynx). It is present at birth (congenital).
Congenital torticollis means that a baby is born with an odd position of the neck. The odd position is because of a tight, short neck muscle. It affects the right side more often than the left side. It may range from mild to severe. The ...
A dermoid cyst is a collection of tissue under the skin. It may contain hair follicles, oil, and sweat glands.
Detailed information on Landau-Kleffner syndrome, including signs, diagnosis, and treatment
A lymphatic malformation is a lymphatic vessel that isn’t formed right. The malformations are lymphatic tissue filled with fluid (cyst). Your child may have one or more of these cysts.
Lymphadenopathy means swelling of the lymph nodes or glands. Lymphadenopathy can occur in just one area of the body, such as the neck. Or it may affect lymph nodes throughout the body. The cervical lymph nodes, found in the neck, are the...
Your child’s inner ears may be damaged if he or she is around extremely loud noises or around loud noises for long periods of time. This is called noise-induced hearing loss.
PFAPA (Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, Adenitis) is a childhood syndrome that affects both boys and girls. It causes repeated episodes of fever, mouth sores, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. PFAPA usually starts in...
Pharyngitis is redness, pain, and swelling of the throat (pharynx). Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils. The tonsils are a pair of tissue masses on either side of the back of the throat. They are part of the immune system, the ...
A pilomatrixoma (PEE-lo-may-trick-SO-mah) is a slow-growing, hard lump found under the skin. It is most common on the face and neck, but it may be on other parts of the body. A pilomatrixoma is usually a single lump, but occasionally, ...
Sinusitis is an infection of the sinuses. These infections usually happen after a cold or with allergies. There are 3 types of sinusitis: short term (acute), long-term (acute), and recurrent.
A speech sound disorder means that a child has trouble saying certain sounds and words past the expected age. This can make it hard to understand what a child is trying to say.
Stridor is a noisy or high-pitched sound with breathing. It is a sign that the upper airway is partially blocked. It may involve the nose, mouth, sinuses, voice box (larynx), or windpipe (trachea).
Swimmer’s ear (otitis externa) is an inflammation of the external ear canal. Swimmer’s ear is caused by fungi or bacteria. Water that stays in the ear canal during swimming, for example, may let bacteria and fungi grow.
A thyroglossal duct cyst is a pocket in the front part of neck that is filled with fluid. A child is born with this cyst.
Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is the slow loss of hearing in both ears. It’s a common problem linked to aging.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a disease of the vestibular system of your inner ear. When you change your head position, it causes vertigo. Vertigo is a feeling that the room is spinning around you.
Pressure differences between the inside of the ear and the outside of the ear can cause ear barotrauma or ear damage. It can cause pain and sometimes permanent hearing loss. It can be caused by scuba diving, air travel, or exposure to an...
A buildup of earwax is called impacted earwax. It can cause symptoms such as hearing loss. Impacted earwax is very common. With age, earwax tends to become harder and less mobile. Older adults are more likely to have problems with excess...
A middle ear infection occurs behind the eardrum. It is most often caused by a virus or bacteria. Most kids have at least one middle ear infection by the time they are 3 years old. But adults can also get them.
Spasmodic dysphonia is a voice disorder. It causes involuntary spasms in the muscles of the voice box or larynx. This causes the voice to break, and have a tight, strained, or strangled sound.
Swimmer's ear (otitis externa) is a redness or swelling (inflammation), irritation, or infection of your outer ear canal.
Tinnitus is the sound of ringing in the ears. It may also be described as roaring, buzzing, hissing, or clicking inside the head. The sounds may come and go. Or they may be ongoing. Read on to learn more.
Dizziness and a spinning sensation (vertigo) are classic symptoms of a vestibular balance disorder. These disorders can strike at any age. But they are most common as you get older.
Vocal cord disorders can affect your voice or your ability to talk. They are often caused by using the voice too much when singing, talking, coughing, or yelling.
When something goes wrong with the muscles that direct swallowing, it's called dysphagia.
A nosebleed is bleeding from tissues inside the nose (nasal mucus membranes) caused by a broken blood vessel. Most nosebleeds in children occur in the front part of the nose close to the nostrils.
Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) is an infection of both your nasal cavity and sinuses. It is caused by bacteria. Here's what you need to know about this condition.