Browse our Health Library to learn about treatments, conditions, and how Cedars-Sinai can support your healthcare needs.
A Lisfranc joint injury is a type of injury to the bones or ligaments in the middle part of your foot. In this type of injury, there also is usually damage to the cartilage covering these bones.
Lordosis is a deformity of the backbone (spine). It's when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) in the lower back curve inward more than normal.
Everyone has experienced low back pain at one time or another. Most people can recover from low back pain with home treatment, such as changes in activity, weight loss, quitting smoking, and other steps. Sometimes medicine or surgery is ...
Lumbar spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal in your lower back that may cause pain or numbness in your legs.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create cross-sectional images of your head and body. Your doctor uses these detailed, clear images to identify and diagnose many conditions. It is particularly ...
The menisci are crescent-shaped bands of thick, rubbery cartilage attached to the shinbone. They act as shock absorbers and stabilize the knee. Meniscus tears can vary widely in size and severity. Some, but not all, require surgical repair.
The medial collateral ligament's main function is to prevent the leg from extending too far inward, but it also helps keep the knee stable and allows it to rotate. Injuries to the medial collateral ligament most often happen when the ...
Metatarsus adductus is a common foot deformity noted at birth. It causes the front half of the child's foot (forefoot) to turn inward.
Nursemaid's elbow is a type of elbow injury. It's when a forearm bone (radius) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint.
Osteochondroma is an overgrowth of cartilage and bone at the end of the bone near the growth plate. Most often, it affects the long bones in the leg, the pelvis, or the shoulder blade.
An osteoid osteoma is a type of bone tumor. It is not cancer (benign). It remains in the same place it starts. It will not spread to other bones or parts of your body.
Osteomyelitis is an inflammation or swelling of bone tissue. It’s most often caused by an infection. Bone infection may occur for many reasons and can affect children or adults.
Osteoporosis is a disease that causes weak, thinning bones. This leaves the bones at greater risk of breaking. The bones most often affected are the hips, spine, and wrists.
Jumper's knee is caused by overuse of your knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces. It's usually a sports-related injury linked to leg muscle contraction and the force of hitting the ground.
Fractures of the pelvis are uncommon and usually happen during high-speed accidents (such as car or motorcycle crashes) or falls from great heights. Severe fractures can be life-threatening. A minor fracture is usually treated with bed ...
A pilon fracture is a type of break of the shinbone (tibia) that happens near the ankle. Most of the time, it involves breaks in both the tibia and fibula of the lower leg. The lower ends of these bones make up part of the ankle.
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of pain in the bottom of the heel, the arch or both areas. The condition comes on with inflammation of the plantar fascia, a ligamentlike band on the bottom of the foot.
A fracture is a broken bone. Occult means hidden. An occult fracture is one that does not appear on an X-ray. A possible occult fracture is a suspected fracture that needs to be confirmed with other imaging tests.
When a replacement joint wears out, loosens or develops a problem, it can be resurfaced or replaced in a joint revision operation. Using regular X-ray examinations, the orthopedic surgeon can detect and monitor any changes, and plan for ...
Your rotator cuff is one of the most important parts of your shoulder. Read on to learn details about rotator cuff injury, from symptoms and diagnosis to treatment.
Sciatica, also called lumbar radiculopathy, is a pain that originates along your sciatic nerve, the largest nerve in the body. The pain extends from the back of your pelvis down the back of your thigh.
A spine affected by scoliosis shows a sideways curvature and a rotation of the vertebrae, giving the appearance that the person is leaning to one side.
Scoliosis is a deformity of the backbone (spine). It's when the spine has a side-to-side curve. The curve of the spine measures 10 degrees or more.
Sever disease occurs when a tendon in one or both of your child's heels becomes injured and inflamed.
A dislocated shoulder means the upper arm bone (humerus) has moved out of the shoulder joint. It can cause pain, swelling, numbness and trouble moving the shoulder.
Detailed information on shoulder pain and the most common types of shoulder problems
Shoulder tendonitis is an inflammation of your rotator cuff or biceps tendon. Read on for details about this condition.
Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is swelling of the tendons that bend your wrist backward away from your palm. It often develops from the force of the tennis racket hitting balls in the backhand position. It can also develop from ...
Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury. It happens when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged.
Thoracic outlet syndrome is a variety of symptoms that happen from a narrowing of your thoracic outlet—the space between your collarbone and your first rib. It can result from injury, disease, or a problem you had from birth.