Browse our Health Library to learn about treatments, conditions, and how Cedars-Sinai can support your healthcare needs.
A congenital limb defect is when an arm or leg doesn't form normally as a baby grows in the uterus. The baby is born with the defect.
In a normal hip joint, the top (head) of the thighbone (femur) fits snugly into the hip socket. In a child with DDH, the hip socket is shallow. As a result, the head of the femur may slip in and out.
Femoral anteversion is an inward twisting of the thighbone (femur). This health problem causes a child's knees and feet to turn inward. The child may have a pigeon-toed appearance.
A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture happens, it is classified as either open or closed.
Lordosis is a deformity of the backbone (spine). It's when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) in the lower back curve inward more than normal.
Metatarsus adductus is a common foot deformity noted at birth. It causes the front half of the child's foot (forefoot) to turn inward.
Nursemaid's elbow is a type of elbow injury. It's when a forearm bone (radius) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint.
Sever disease occurs when a tendon in one or both of your child's heels becomes injured and inflamed.
Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury. It happens when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged.
Tibial torsion is an inward twisting of the shinbones. These bones are located between the knee and the ankle. Tibial torsion causes a child's feet to turn inward.
A joint dislocation is when there is an abnormal separation between the bones of a joint. When this happens in your ankle joint, it's known as an ankle dislocation. It is a severe injury.
Arthritis of the elbow can cause pain when the joint is bent or straightened. Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and injuries can cause this disorder. Symptoms of elbow arthritis can include pain, swelling, instability and lack of full...
A bone bruise is a traumatic injury to a bone that is less severe than a bone fracture.
A boxer's fracture is a break in the neck of the fifth metacarpal bone in the hand. It gets its name because the injury is common in inexperienced boxers.
Damaged cartilage can lead to pain and swelling, which make it difficult to maintain an active lifestyle without pain and discomfort. Fortunately, there are multiple treatment options for damaged cartilage.
A chondroblastoma is a rare type of noncancerous bone tumor that begins in cartilage. This is the specialized, gristly connective tissue from which most bones develop. It plays an important role in the growth process. There are many ...
Cubital tunnel syndrome happens when the ulnar nerve, which passes through the inside of the elbow, is injured and becomes inflamed, swollen, and irritated.The pain of cubital tunnel syndrome feels like the pain you feel when you hit ...
Electromyography measures the electrical impulses of the muscles at rest and when contracted. Electromyography is usually done with nerve conduction studies. Nerve conduction studies measure how well individual nerves transmit electrical...
Fibrous dysplasia is a chronic disorder in which an abnormal development of fibrous tissue causes bones to expand. Any bone can be affected. More than one bone can be affected at any one time, and, when multiple bones are affected, it is...
A giant cell tumor is one that is made up of a large number of benign (noncancerous) cells that form an aggressive tumor. It usually develops near a joint at the end of the bone. The location of a giant cell tumor is often in the knee, ...
According to the American Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons, more than 200,000 hip replacements are performed each year. Of these, osteoarthritis accounts for the majority of patients needing a hip replacement operation. The physicians...
Iliotibial band syndrome (often called “IT band syndrome”) is a medical condition that causes pain on the outside of the knee. It mostly commonly happens in athletes, especially distance runners, or those new to exercise.
Knee pain is a common complaint for which there can be many causes. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your symptoms so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the cause.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common ligaments to be injured. Learn about the four major ligaments of the knee.
Knee pain is very common, especially in highly active people who put a lot of pressure on their knees, such as runners. Read on to learn more about this condition.
A Lisfranc joint injury is a type of injury to the bones or ligaments in the middle part of your foot. In this type of injury, there also is usually damage to the cartilage covering these bones.
Everyone has experienced low back pain at one time or another. Most people can recover from low back pain with home treatment, such as changes in activity, weight loss, quitting smoking, and other steps. Sometimes medicine or surgery is ...
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create cross-sectional images of your head and body. Your doctor uses these detailed, clear images to identify and diagnose many conditions. It is particularly ...
An osteoid osteoma is a type of bone tumor. It is not cancer (benign). It remains in the same place it starts. It will not spread to other bones or parts of your body.
Osteochondroma is an overgrowth of cartilage and bone at the end of the bone near the growth plate. Most often, it affects the long bones in the leg, the pelvis, or the shoulder blade.