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Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that interferes with your brain's ability to operate your body.

Prion Diseases

Prion diseases comprise several conditions. A prion is a type of protein that can trigger normal proteins in the brain to fold abnormally. Prion diseases can affect both humans and animals and are sometimes transmitted to humans by ...

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Progressive supranuclear palsy is a disorder in a small section of the brain that causes weakness of certain muscles.This is a rare disorder but may be mistaken for Parkinson's disease.

Refractory Epilepsy

Some people with epilepsy will have or eventually develop refractory epilepsy. This means that medicines don't work well, or at all, to control the seizures.

Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury

Rehabilitation is an important part of recovery after a traumatic brain injury. It may include physical, occupational, and speech therapy as well as mental healthcare and social support.

Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) is a type of multiple sclerosis that causes flare-ups with periods of remission in between. Most people diagnosed with MS start off with this type.

Reye Syndrome in Children

Reye syndrome is a rare but very serious illness that causes brain swelling and liver damage. It can also affect all of the body’s organs.

Sensory Evoked Potentials Studies

Evoked potentials studies measure electrical activity in the brain in response to stimulation of sight, sound, or touch.


Septicemia is the clinical name for blood poisoning by bacteria. It is a medical emergency and needs urgent medical treatment.

Spina Bifida in Children

Spina bifida is a birth defect that causes problems with the spine, spinal cord, and the surrounding nerves.

Spinal Arteriovenous Malformations

Arteriovenous malformations is the abnormal formation of veins and arteries. It can develop in the fetus or newborn baby.

Status Epilepticus

A seizure that lasts at least 30 minutes is called status epilepticus, or a prolonged seizure. This is a medical emergency that may lead to permanent brain damage or death. Many medical experts become concerned that a seizure is status ...

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

A subarachnoid hemorrhage means that there is bleeding in the space that surrounds the brain. Most often, it occurs when a weakened area in a blood vessel (aneurysm) on the surface of the brain bursts and leaks. The blood then builds up ...

Subdural Hematoma

A subdural hematoma is a buildup of blood on the surface of the brain. The blood builds up in a space between the protective layers that surround your brain, pressing on and damaging the brain tissue.


During a sympathectomy, a surgeon cuts or clamps a deep nerve that runs up and down along the spine. This prevents nerve signals from passing through it. It is used to treat heavy sweating and certain other conditions.

Tension Headaches

Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. Stress and muscle tension are often factors in tension type headaches.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Thoracic outlet syndrome is a variety of symptoms that happen from a narrowing of your thoracic outlet—the space between your collarbone and your first rib. It can result from injury, disease, or a problem you had from birth.

Tilt Table Testing

A tilt table test is a test done to evaluate symptoms of syncope (fainting) by creating changes in posture and see how your heart and blood pressure respond.

Transverse Myelitis

Transverse myelitis is inflammation and scarring of the spinal cord that causes pain and weakness in the body.

Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury is caused by a blow to or penetration of the head resulting in brain damage. Read on to learn about diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment.

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is a type of nerve pain that affects your face.

Types of Arbovirus Encephalitis

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. It is often caused by a viral infection. The arboviruses cause encephalitis. They are passed on to people and animals by insects.

Vagus Nerve Stimulator

A vagus nerve stimulator (VNS) is a device that can help prevent seizures.

Vascular Dementia

Vascular dementia is caused by decreased blood flow to brain tissue causing signs of dementia. Read on for details about this condition.

Showing 91 - 114 of 114 results.
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