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The vulva and vagina represent the external female genital organs and the muscular and elastic tubular tract that connects the cervix to the vulva. Cancers of these organs typically arise from the surface lining, and most commonly are ...
Vaginal cancer starts in the cells that form the vagina or birth canal. Learn more about symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments.
Vaginitis is any inflammation or infection of the vagina. It is a common problem in girls and women of all ages.
Valley fever is an airborne fungal infection. It starts in the lungs, and if not treated, it spreads to the bones and destroys them.
A varicocele is when veins in the scrotum have become large and swollen (dilated). The condition is like varicose veins that occur in the legs. Here's what you need to know.
Detailed information on varicose veins, including causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and full-color anatomical illustrations
An estimated 25 million Americans, mostly women, suffer from varicose veins. Varicose veins are usually caused by leaky valves in veins of the leg that result in pooling of blood under pressure. As pressure builds up, the branches of the...
Vascular dementia is caused by decreased blood flow to brain tissue causing signs of dementia.
Hemangiomas are growths of blood vessels. They’re also called birthmarks. But they often can't be seen at birth. They usually form in the first few weeks of life.
A vasospasm is the narrowing of the arteries caused by a persistent contraction of the blood vessels, which is known as vasoconstriction. This narrowing can reduce blood flow. Vasospasms can affect any area of the body including the ...
Vasovagal syncope is a condition that leads to fainting in some people. It is the most common cause of fainting and is usually thought of as benign.
Venous thromboembolism consists of both deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Patients develop thrombosis or clots in their leg veins, often starting in the calf veins. If left untreated, these clots can spread ...
The heart muscle is responsible for circulating blood throughout the body. The heart has four chambers, two upper (atrium) and two lower (ventricle), with one atrium and one ventricle on both the right and left side of the heart. Blood ...
Ventricular fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat, that affects your heart's ventricles.
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect. This means that your baby is born with it. A VSD is an opening or hole in the dividing wall (septum) between the 2 lower chambers of the heart (right and left ventricles). ...
Ventricular tachycardia is a fast, abnormal heart rate that begins in the lower chambers of the heart. It can become life-threatening if it lasts more than a few seconds.
The adult spine is made up of approximately 24 bones (vertebrae) stacked on top of each other from the bottom of the skull to the pelvis. Each vertebra is composed of several parts that act as a whole to surround and protect the spinal ...
Very low birth weight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 3 pounds, 4 ounces. It is very rare that babies are born this tiny. Only about 1 in 100 babies born in the U.S. are very low birth weight.
Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a condition where urine in the bladder flows in the wrong direction. It goes up into the tubes (ureters) that lead to the kidneys.
Dizziness and a spinning sensation (vertigo) are classic symptoms of a vestibular balance disorder. These disorders can strike at any age. But they are most common as you get older.
Viral gastroenteritis is a viral infection of your gastrointestinal tract. It can cause diarrhea, vomiting and other symptoms. In most otherwise healthy adults, it usually runs its course in a few days. The biggest risk is dehydration.
Viral hemorrhagic fevers are illnesses caused by several types of viruses. Some of these viruses cause mild illness. Many others lead to life-threatening diseases with no known cures. One of the best known of this group is the Ebola virus.
Vitamin B<sub>12</sub> deficiency anemia is a condition in which your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells, due to a lack (deficiency) of vitamin B<sub>12. </sub>This vitamin is needed to make red ...
Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia is a condition in which your body does not have enough healthy red blood cells, due to a lack (deficiency) of vitamin B12. This vitamin is needed to make red blood cells, which carry ...
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding is a problem that occurs in some newborns. It happens during the first few days of life. This condition used to be called hemorrhagic disease of the newborn.
Vocal cord disorders can affect your voice or your ability to talk. They are often caused by using the voice too much when singing, talking, coughing, or yelling.
A voice disorder is when a person has a problem with pitch, volume, tone, and other qualities of their voice. These problems occur when the vocal cords don't vibrate normally.
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is an inherited disorder that affects the blood's ability to clot.
Risk factors for vulvar cancer include smoking, infection with HPV, and advancing age.
Vulvitis is inflammation of the soft folds of skin outside the vagina.