Health Library

Browse our Health Library to learn about treatments, conditions, and how Cedars-Sinai can support your healthcare needs.

Ear, Nose & Throat Clear Category
Showing 1 - 30 of 45 results.
A
Acoustic Neuroma

Acoustic neuroma is a rare noncancerous tumor. It grows slowly from an overproduction of Schwann cells and is also called a vestibular schwannoma. The tumor then presses on the hearing and balance nerves in the inner ear. Schwann cells ...

Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis

Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) is an infection of both your nasal cavity and sinuses. It is caused by bacteria.

Age-Related Hearing Loss (Presbycusis)

Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is the gradual loss of hearing in both ears. It’s a common problem linked to aging.

Ankyloglossia in Children

Ankyloglossia, or “tongue-tie,” is a type of anatomical problem of the tongue that is present from birth. It causes speech and eating difficulties in some children.

B
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a disease of the vestibular system of your inner ear. When you change your head position, it causes vertigo. Vertigo is a feeling that the room is spinning around you.

Branchial Cleft Abnormalities in Children

A branchial cleft abnormality is a cluster of abnormally formed tissue in the neck. A branchial cleft abnormality is a birth defect. It happens when the area does not form as it should during the early stages of an embryo’s development.

C
Congenital Laryngeal Stridor in Children

Congenital laryngeal stridor is a noisy or high-pitched sound with breathing. It is from an abnormally formed voice box (larynx). It is present at birth (congenital).

Congenital Muscular Torticollis

Congenital torticollis means that a baby is born with an odd position of the neck. The odd position is because of a tight, short neck muscle. It affects the right side more often than the left side. It may range from mild to severe. The ...

D
Dermoid Cyst in Children

A dermoid cyst is a pocket or hole under the skin. It contains tissue normally found in the outer layers of the skin. This might be hair follicles, oil, and sweat glands. Oil and sweat collect inside the cyst, causing it to get larger.

Deviated Septum

A wall of cartilage divides the nose into 2 separate chambers. It’s called the nasal septum. A deviated septum is when this wall is shifted away from the midline. This may cause congestion, problems with breathing, or nasal discharge.

Dysphagia

When something goes wrong with the muscles that direct swallowing, it’s called dysphagia.

E
Ear Barotrauma

Pressure differences between the inside of the ear and the outside of the ear can cause ear barotrauma or ear damage. It can cause pain and sometimes permanent hearing loss. It can be caused by scuba diving, air travel, or exposure to an...

H
Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children

Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer in the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system. It helps to fight diseases and infections. The lymphatic system also helps with balancing fluids in different parts of the ...

I
Impacted Earwax

A buildup of earwax is called impacted earwax. It can cause symptoms like hearing loss. Impacted earwax is very common. With age, earwax tends to become harder and less mobile. Older adults are more likely to have problems with excess ...

L
Labyrinthitis

Labyrinthitis is the inflammation of part of the inner ear called the labyrinth.The inflammation causes vertigo, hearing loss, and other symptoms. In most people, these symptoms go away over time. It is not a common condition. It usually...

Lymphadenopathy in Children

Lymphadenopathy means swelling of the lymph nodes or glands. Lymphadenopathy can occur in just one area of the body, such as the neck. Or it may affect lymph nodes throughout the body. The cervical lymph nodes, found in the neck, are the...

Lymphatic Malformations

A lymphatic malformation is a lymphatic vessel that isn’t formed right. The malformations are lymphatic tissue filled with fluid (cyst). Your child may have one or more of these cysts.

M
Mastoiditis in Children

Mastoiditis is an inflammation or infection of the mastoid bone. This bone is one of the bones in the head. It is located behind the ear. The mastoid bone is made of cells that drain the middle ear. Mastoiditis may be mild or very serious.

Ménière Disease

Ménière disease is a balance disorder. It’s caused by an abnormality in part the inner ear called the labyrinth. Fluid build-up here can cause a severe spinning sensation (vertigo) and affect the hearing.

N
Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are abnormal, soft, swollen, sac-like growths of inflamed tissue. They line the inside of your nose or your sinuses.

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Children

Your child’s inner ears may be damaged if he or she is around extremely loud noises or around loud noises for long periods of time. This is called noise-induced hearing loss.

Nosebleed (Epistaxis) in Children

A nosebleed is bleeding from tissues inside the nose (nasal mucus membranes) caused by a broken blood vessel. Most nosebleeds in children occur in the front part of the nose close to the nostrils.

O
Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children

Obstructive sleep apnea is when a child briefly stops breathing while sleeping. It happens because of a blockage in the upper airway. The pause in breathing may occur many times in a night, disrupting the child’s sleep.

Otitis Media (Middle Ear Infection) in Adults

Otitis media is infection or inflammation in the middle ear. Most kids have at least one ear infection by the time they are 3 years old. But, adults can also get ear infections.

P
Parotid Duct Obstruction

In parotid duct obstruction, part of your parotid duct becomes blocked. As a result, saliva can’t flow normally from your parotid gland into your mouth.

PFAPA Syndrome

PFAPA (Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, Adenitis) is a childhood syndrome that affects both boys and girls. It causes repeated episodes of fever, mouth sores, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. PFAPA usually starts in...

Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis in Children

Pharyngitis is redness, pain, and swelling of the throat (pharynx). Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils. The tonsils are a pair of tissue masses on either side of the back of the throat. They are part of the immune system, the ...

Pilomatrixoma in Children

A pilomatrixoma (PEE-lo-may-trick-SO-mah) is a slow-growing, hard lump found under the skin. It is most common on the face and neck, but it may be on other parts of the body. A pilomatrixoma is usually a single lump, but occasionally, ...

R
Rhinitis

Rhinitis is a reaction that happens in the eyes, nose, and throat when allergens in the air trigger the release of histamine in the body. Histamine causes itching, swelling, and fluid to build up in the fragile linings of nasal passages,...

S
Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an infection of the lining of the sinuses near the nose. These infections most often happen after a cold or after an allergy flare-up.

Showing 1 - 30 of 45 results.
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