Browse our Health Library to learn about treatments, conditions, and how Cedars-Sinai can support your healthcare needs.
Burners and stingers syndrome is a type of sports injury. It is a pain in the shoulder or neck that causes a burning or stinging feeling down an arm to the hand.
Clubfoot is a deformity of the foot. It’s when one or both feet are turned inward. The condition affects the bones, muscles, tendons, and blood vessels.
A congenital limb defect is when an arm or leg doesn’t form normally as a baby grows in the uterus. The baby is born with the defect.
In a normal hip joint, the top (head) of the thighbone (femur) fits snugly into the hip socket. In a child with DDH, the hip socket is shallow. As a result, the head of the femur may slip in and out.
A dislocation is a joint injury. It occurs when the ends of 2 connected bones come apart. Dislocations happen more often among teens.
Femoral anteversion is an inward twisting of the thighbone (femur). This health problem causes a child’s knees and feet to turn inward. The child may have a pigeon-toed appearance.
A fracture is a partial or complete break in the bone. When a fracture happens, it is classified as either open or closed.
Lordosis is a deformity of the backbone (spine). It’s when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) in the lower back curve inward more than normal.
Metatarsus adductus is a common foot deformity noted at birth. It causes the front half of the child’s foot (forefoot) to turn inward.
Nursemaid’s elbow is a type of elbow injury. It’s when a forearm bone (radius) slips out of place from where it normally attaches to the elbow joint.
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited (genetic) bone disorder that is present at birth. It is also known as brittle bone disease. A child born with OI may have soft bones that break (fracture) easily, bones that are not formed ...
Acute osteomyelitis is an infection in the bone. It develops over a short time, usually about 2 weeks. In children, osteomyelitis is more common in the long bones of the arms and legs. But it can affect any bone in the body. ...
Scoliosis is a deformity of the backbone (spine). It’s when the spine has a side-to-side curve. The curve of the spine measures 10 degrees or more.
Sever disease occurs when a tendon in one or both of your child’s heels becomes injured and inflamed.
Tennis elbow is a repetitive stress injury. It happens when the muscles and tendons in the elbow area are torn or damaged.
Tibial torsion is an inward twisting of the shinbones. These bones are located between the knee and the ankle. Tibial torsion causes a child’s feet to turn inward.
Achilles tendon injuries affect the Achilles tendon, a fibrous band of tissue that links the muscles in your calf to your heel. The strength and flexibility of this tendon are important for jumping, running, and walking.
A joint dislocation is when there is an abnormal separation between the bones of a joint. When this happens in your ankle joint, it’s known as an ankle dislocation. It is a severe injury.
Arthritis of the elbow can cause pain when the joint is bent or straightened. Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and injuries can cause this disorder. Symptoms of elbow arthritis can include pain, swelling, instability and lack of full...
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive approach to diagnosing and treating many joint conditions. During the procedure, a fiber-optic instrument with a lighted tip—an arthroscope—is inserted into a small incision near the joint. Through the...
Avascular necrosis develops when blood supply to a bone is cut off. This causes the bone to die and can cause pain and joint problems.
A Baker’s cyst (popliteal cyst) is a fluid-filled sac that forms behind the knee.
A bone bruise is a traumatic injury to a bone that is less severe than a bone fracture.
A boxer’s fracture is a break in the neck of the fifth metacarpal bone in the hand. It gets its name because the injury is common in inexperienced boxers.
Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa, a closed, fluid-filled sac that works as a cushion and gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. Bursitis of the shoulder (impingement syndrome) occurs when there is swelling and...
Damaged cartilage can lead to pain and swelling, which make it difficult to maintain an active lifestyle without pain and discomfort. Fortunately, there are multiple treatment options for damaged cartilage.
A chondroblastoma is a rare type of noncancerous bone tumor that begins in cartilage. This is the specialized, gristly connective tissue from which most bones develop. It plays an important role in the growth process. There are many ...
A compression fracture is a type of break in the bones in your back that stack up to form your spine. A compression fracture can cause back pain, limited movement, a decrease in height, and a stopped over posture. It often develops as a ...
Cubital tunnel syndrome happens when the ulnar nerve, which passes through the inside of the elbow, is injured and becomes inflamed, swollen, and irritated.The pain of cubital tunnel syndrome feels like the pain you feel when you hit ...
A number of prescription and over-the-counter drugs help relieve the pain, swelling and other symptoms that come with fractured bones, injured ligaments, disease, aging and degeneration of joints and bones. Managing pain is important for...